A Grand Chronology

Winston Churchill said, “Those that fail to learn from history are doomed to repeat it.” 
--In a 1948 speech to the British House of Commons

The Roaring Lion
, 1941

A Few "Great Civiizations."

The Aztec Civilization: 1325 A.D. – 1521 A.D. 199 years 5 generations
The Roman Civilization: 753 B.C. – 476 A.D. 277 years 7 generations
The Persian Civilization: 550 B.C. – 331 B.C. 219 years 5.5 generations
The Ancient Greek Civilization: 2700 B.C. – 479 B.C. 1654 years 41 generations
The Chinese Civilization: 1600 B.C. – 1046 B.C. 554 years 14 generations
The Mayan Civilization: 2600 B.C. – 900 A.D. 3500 years 88 generations
The Ancient Egyptian Civilization: 3150 B.C. – 30 B.C. 3100 years 78 generations
The Mesopotamian Civilization: 6,500 B.C. – 539 B.C. 5961 years 149 generations
The Indus Valley Civilization: 2600 B.C. – 1900 B.C. 700 years 18 generations

Egyptian civilization coalesced around 3150 BC with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the first pharaoh. Mesopotamia was home to several powerful empires that came to rule almost the entire Middle East—particularly the Assyrian Empires of 1365–1076 BC and the Neo-Assyrian Empire of 911–609 BC. From the early 7th century BC and onward, the Iranian Medes followed by the Achaemenid Empire and other subsequent Iranian states and empires dominated the region. In the 1st century BC, the expanding Roman Republic absorbed the whole Eastern Mediterranean, which included much of the Near East. The Eastern Roman Empire, today commonly known as the Byzantine Empire, ruling from the Balkans to the Euphrates, became increasingly defined by and dogmatic about Christianity, gradually creating religious rifts between the doctrines dictated by the establishment in Constantinople and believers in many parts of the Middle East. From the 3rd century up to the course of the 7th century AD, the entire Middle East was dominated by the Byzantines and the Sasanian Empire. From the 7th century, a new power was rising in the Middle East, that of Islam. The dominance of the Arabs came to a sudden end in the mid-11th century with the arrival of the Seljuq dynasty. In the early 13th century, a new wave of invaders, the armies of the Mongol Empire, mainly Turkic, swept through the region. By the early 15th century, a new power had arisen in western Anatolia, the Ottoman emirs, linguistically Turkic and religiously Islamic, who in 1453 captured the Christian Byzantine capital of Constantinople and made themselves sultans.

Large parts of the Middle East became a war ground between the Ottomans and the Iranian Safavid dynasty for centuries, starting in the early 16th century. By 1700, the Ottomans had been driven out of the Kingdom of Hungary and the balance of power along the frontier had shifted decisively in favor of the Western world. The British Empire also established effective control of the Persian Gulf, and the French colonial empire extended its influence into Lebanon and Syria. In 1912, the Kingdom of Italy seized Libya and the Dodecanese islands, just off the coast of the Ottoman heartland of Anatolia. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Middle Eastern rulers tried to modernize their states to compete more effectively with the European powers. A turning point in the history of the Middle East came when >oil was discovered, first in Persia in 1908 and later in Saudi Arabia (in 1938) and the other Persian Gulf states, and also in Libya and Algeria. A Western dependence on Middle Eastern oil and the decline of British influence led to a growing American interest in the region.

During the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s, Syria and Egypt made moves towards independence. The British, the French, and the Soviet Union departed from many parts of the Middle East during and after World War II (1939–1945). The Arab–Israeli conflict in Palestine culminated in the 1947 United Nations plan to partition Palestine. Later in the midst of Cold War tensions, the Arabic-speaking countries of Western Asia and Northern Africa saw the rise of pan-Arabism. The departure of the European powers from direct control of the region, the establishment of Israel, and the increasing importance of the petroleum industry, marked the creation of the modern Middle East. In most Middle Eastern countries, the growth of market economies was inhibited by political restrictions, corruption and cronyism, overspending on arms and prestige projects, and over-dependence on oil revenues. The wealthiest economies in the region per capita are the small oil-rich countries of Persian Gulf: Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates. (Wikipedia)

Traditional Jewish Chronology

Jewish Calendar

Jewish Holidays

It's About Time

A Chronology: The Times of the Gentiles

Kings of Israel and Judah

A Short Chronology of Jerusalem and the Temple Mount

Correcting the Dates

The Times of the Gentiles 2

The Times of the Gentiles 1

Second Temple Times

Biblical Chronology and Dating of the Early Bible by Curt Sewell

Toward a Biblically Inerrant Chronology by Alan Montgomery


The False Messiah

Times and Seasons

Articles on Time

Christmas 2020

Christmas 2021

Christmas 2022

Who Were the,Magi? (Chuck Missler)

The Rapture Time Joint

About a third of the Bible is about the future: What God has said He will do. 
He has a perfect track record so far.

What determines the future is what God has done in the past 
and what He has promised to do in the future.  
So don't look horizontally at current events." 
(Ray C. Stedman)

Atomic Time, The Geological Ages and Dynamical Time

 Atomic Age  Geological Age  BC - years 
before Christ  
 AC - years after creation  Geologic Era and Notes

 14 -10


 5792 BC

 0 AC

 Archaeozoic Era
 Calendar years - 2256 years long
Atomic years - (from Archean on) - 3.9 billion years long
At initial point of creation, light speed 4 x 1011 times current speed.
Closes with Catastrophe One: Noah's Flood/ "Snowball Earth"/ axis tilt of earth
At the close of this era, light speed now about 2 million times current speed.
 10 - 4.5 Billion  Azoic  5792-4531  0-1261
 4.5 - 2.5 billion  Archean  4531-4136  1261-1656
 2.5 Bil - 870 Mil  Early Proterozoic  4136-3656  1656-2136
 870 -600 million  Neo Proterozoic  3656-3536  2136-2256
 600 - 500 million  Cambrian  3536-3484  2256-2308  Paleozoic Era
 500 -425 million  Ordovician  3484-3441  2308-2351

 Calendar years - 235 years long
Atomic Years - 370 million years long

Closes with Catastrophe Two: The Destruction of the Tower of Babel/ the Permian Extinction

At the close of this era, the speed of light was 1.1 million times its current speed.

 425 - 405 million  Silurian   3441-3429  2351-2363
405 - 345 million  Devonian  3429-3390  2362-2402
  345 - 280 million  Carboniferous   3390-3343  2402-2449
 280 - 250 million  Permian  3343-3301  2449-2491
 250 - 180 million  Triassic  3301-3253  2491- 2539  Mesozoic Era
 180 - 135 million  Jurassic  3253- 3199  2539- 2593  Calendar Years - 296 years long
Atomic Years - 167 million years long
Closes with Catastrophe Three: Days of Peleg/ Continental Division/ Cretaceous-Tertiary Extinction/ higher axis tilt
Light speed at the close of this era: about 600,000 times its current speed
 135 - 65 million  Cretaceous  3199- 3005  2593- 2787
 65 - 58 million  Paleocene  3005- 2991  2787- 2801  Cenozoic Era
 58 - 36 million  Eocene  2991- 2947  2801- 2845  (to the end of the Ice Age)
Calendar years - about 660 years long
Atomic years - about 65 million years long
 36 - 25 million  Oligocene  2947- 2925  2845- 2867
 25 - 13 million  Miocene  2925- 2901  2867- 2891
 13 - 1 million  Pliocene  2901- 2877  2891- 2915
 1 mil -2345 BC  Pleistocene - Recent  2877- 2345  2915- 3447

By Barry Setterfield, 2/20/04. Revised 2/21/06

The Atomic Constants, Light, And Time

Constancy of the Velocity of Light

Barry Setterfield's Old Testament Chronology

Setterfield Simplified

Implications of a Non-Constant Velocity of Light

Jewish Holidays for Christians

Email Lambert
Lambert Dolphin's Place (Home Page) Lambert Dolphin's Original Web Site (1995)
Lambert's Personal Testimony

Newsletters by Lambert 

Library Annex (500+ new articles since 2018)  
Help Thyself. No Charge

Music for today

A Glorious Church
I Sing the Mighty Power of God 
Jesus, The Light of the World
Pachelbel: Canon in D

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