Nekrosis and Thanatos
"Always bearing about (“carrying around”) in the body
the dying (nekrosis) of the Lord Jesus,
that the life (zoe) also of Jesus might be made manifest in our body.
For we who live are alway delivered unto death (thanatos) for Jesus' sake,
that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our mortal flesh."
(2 Corinthians 4:10)
Notice that the "life of Jesus" always rests upon the "death of Jesus."
We must have, in our experience, the "death of Jesus" in order to have the "life of Jesus."
What we want, of course, is the "life of Jesus;" every one of us wants to be like him.
But the power of God is the miracle of others seeing in us,
in the midst of our pressures and trials, the character and the life of Jesus coming out.
For many years the above verse was a favorite I often recalled. Last week (November 15, 2020) I decided to look up the original Koine Greek. I was amazed.
Right away I was intrigued by two Greek words: nekrosis and thanatos.
Our English Bibles are careful translations from Greek and Hebrew manuscripts which have been collected for centuries. Lots of people have several versions of the Bible to cross check: KJV, NKJV, RSV, NIV, ESV, Amplified, Interlinear. I flee to Blue Letter Bible for their exhaustive resources, easier to use and faster that pulling a book down from a shelf. I wish I had taken time to learn Hebrew and Greek! I heartily recommend Daily Dose of Hebrew and Daily Dose of Greek so at least you have some idea about the original languages of the Bible.
"...But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God. But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: In whom the god of this world has blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine into them. For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord; and ourselves your servants for Jesus' sake.
For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, has shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.
But we have this treasure (thesaurus) in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us. We are troubled on every side, yet not distressed; we are perplexed, but not in despair; Persecuted, but not forsaken; cast down, but not destroyed;
Always bearing about in the body the dying (nekrosis) of the Lord Jesus, that the life (zoe) also of Jesus might be made manifest in our body. For we which live are alway delivered unto death (thanatos) for Jesus' sake, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest (phaneroo) in our mortal (thnetos) flesh.
So then death (thanatos) worketh in us, but life (zoe) in you.” (2 Corinthians 4:2–12)
The crucifixion is really the most important in history. It is in reality a space-time portal connecting time to eternity.
"...that is, that God was in Christ reconciling (katallasso) the world to Himself, not imputing (logidzomai) their trespasses to them, and has committed to us the word of reconciliation." (2 Corinthians 5:19)
When did Jesus, the man, experience "dying?" Not during His entire 33-year lifetime! He was free of the original sin we all are born with. He did not need to get vaccinated, nor take prescribed meds. (See Jesus, Plain and Simple.) Had His life not been taken from Him, Jesus would have lived forever.
But how could the death of Jesus have paid for all my sins 2000 years before I was even born? How could Jesus carry out of the universe, ALL the sins of the world, past, present, future? How could all the problems of the world finally be resolved in that bloody Cross? These big questions are all answered if we search the Scriptures and pursue knowing Jesus now.
Jesus is very much alive now--and very much available! No appointment necessary. Come as you are!
"And He Himself is the propitiation (hilasmos) for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the whole world." (1 John 2:2)
Sunday morning’s (and our daily) new resurrection empowerment (in us who know Him) happens automatically each day we live. This is a result of the dying and death of Jesus for me. Because of the resurrection of Jesus, new life in Christ is resurrection from the dead not thanatos! My present body is dying, yes, but not headed for death! Death in Greek is thanatos! We're not of any use to God dead-dead. We're useless to God if we insist on walking "after the flesh" all week! It is not our body dying that matters--even our "dying to self." The One who really dies is Jesus, and that event in space-time is over and done with.
Jesus is not now dying! We can add nothing to what Jesus did on the cross in six hours. He does not need our help! In fact my efforts to help God out are futile. He does need us to be available for Jesus to live through each day. In other words, I have eternal life now--in spite of living in a dying body.
In some churches one sees a crucifix on the wall, others prefer an empty Cross to commemorate the finished work of Christ on the Cross.
What is "the fellowship on Christ's suffering" I experience now? "...that I may know Him and the power of His resurrection, and the fellowship of His sufferings, being conformed to His death if, by any means, I may attain to the resurrection from the dead." (Philippians 3:10, 11).
Evidently I have a connection in the unseen realm that links me with my Lord out there in eternity? But I am not my body. My mortal body is merely my present address in the earth-time domain of a vast universe. See Software not Hardware --if this doesn't grok with you, write me. By the way, my baptism and yours is our free will choice to identify with all three aspects of Jesus's death, burial and resurrection. The first two are not always fun and part three is what we tend to live for. Go ahead and get some bros to water baptize you in a river, lake, swimming pool, or ocean. You won't drown.
There are two kinds of death described in the Bible. Death of the body is one form of death, but the Second Death is eternal separation from God. Death in either form is not extinction of consciousness. We are all immortal creatures. We can only spend 70 or 90 years in our present mortal bodies, then we get an upgrade, or...
The real you is software not hardware. Each of us is merely sort-of living for a short season in a fragile house, no better than a camping tent. Where will I go when I leave the "house" I'm living in now? We each will exist forever once having been born into the present world (now nearly 8000 million persons.) Sadly only a small number of us allow Jesus to bring us into His family. He can't rescue those who steadfastly refuse His help!"The Lord is not slack concerning His promise, as some count slackness, but is longsuffering toward us, not willing that any should perish but that all should come to repentance."" (2 Peter 3:9)
"For we know that if our earthly house, this tent, [Greek: skenos, a tent] is destroyed, we have [present tense] a building [Greek: oikos, a permanent building] from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. For in this we groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed with our habitation [oikētērion] which is from heaven, if indeed, having been clothed, we shall not be found naked. For we who are in this tent groan, being burdened, not because we want to be unclothed, but further clothed, that mortality may be swallowed up by life. Now He who has prepared us for this very thing is God, who also has given us the Spirit as a guarantee. So we are always confident, knowing that while we are at home in the body we are absent from the Lord. For we walk by faith, not by sight. We are confident, yes, well pleased rather to be absent from the body and to be present with the Lord. Therefore we make it our aim, whether present or absent, to be well pleasing to Him."
Jesus was quite blunt when He taught His disciples about their longterm future. “And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. But rather fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell." (Matthew 10:28)
The most important event in history is not the birth of Jesus, nor His teaching, nor His 33 year life-style example. The Cross of Christ is Stage Center in God's records of human history. Every follower of Jesus agrees to be identified with Jesus in this death, His burial and His resurrection. Many, many today think they are Christians when they are not!
The Apostle Peter admonishes,
"Therefore, brethren, be even more diligent to make your call and election sure, for if you do these things you will never stumble..." (2 Peter 1:10)
It is no good to be a Lone Ranger Christian, either! The entire body of Christ, (the true church is called "the body of Christ,")--with Jesus the Head of the Body--must be raised soon. The resurrections of Jesus, and us, and everyone else, is another subject! (See A Glorious Church.)
Or do you not know that as many of us as were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His death? Therefore we were buried with Him through baptism into death, that just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. For if we have been united together in the likeness of His death, certainly we also shall be in the likeness of His resurrection, knowing this, that our old man was crucified with Him, that the body of sin might be done away with, that we should no longer be slaves of sin. For he who has died has been freed from sin Now if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him,knowing that Christ, having been raised from the dead, dies no more. Death no longer has dominion over Him. For the death that He died, He died to sin once for all; but the life that He lives, He lives to God. Likewise you also, reckon yourselves to be dead indeed to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus our Lord. Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body, that you should obey it in its lusts. And do not present your members as instruments of unrighteousness to sin, but present yourselves to God as being alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness to God. For sin shall not have dominion over you, for you are not under law but under grace.“ (Romans 6:3-14)
It would be more logical perhaps to attribute these verses to the King, but it is the Shulamite who speaks here of holy covenants and of fidelity. The seal on the heart stands for guarded and protected emotions and the seal on the arm for guarded thoughts and sanctified actions. See: Commentary on the Song of Songs.
Lover and Beloved are united in death, burial and resurrection. This relationship between Christ and his church is frequently emphasized in the New Testament.
"Do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? We were buried therefore with him by baptism into death, so that as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, we too might walk in newness of life. For if we have been united with him in a death like his, we shall certainly be united with him in a resurrection like his. We know that our old self was crucified with him so that the sinful body might be destroyed, and we might no longer be enslaved to sin. For he who has died is freed from sin. But if we have died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him. For we know that Christ being raised from the dead will never die again; death no longer has dominion over him." (Romans 6:3-9)
"And you he made alive, when you were dead through the trespasses and sins in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of disobedience. Among these we all once lived in the passions of our flesh, following the desires of body and mind, and so we were by nature children of wrath, like the rest of mankind. But God, who is rich in mercy, out of the great love with which he loved us, even when we were dead through our trespasses, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved), and raised us up with him, and made us sit with him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus, that in the coming ages he might show the immeasurable riches of his grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus." (Ephesians 2:1-7).
The language is apocalyptic. We are lifted beyond time and space to eternal things. The coming judgment of the world will be by fire (2 Peter 3), as the last terrible judgment of mankind was by the great flood of Noah. Only loyal love [hesed] can overcome such judgments and conquer death, and sustain us through the trials of this life into the next. True love can not be bought at any price and all attempts to buy this love are rejected at once as falling far short.
"You know that you were ransomed from the futile ways inherited from your fathers, not with perishable things such as silver or gold, but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without blemish or spot. He was destined before the foundation of the world but was made manifest at the end of the times for your sake. Through him you have confidence in God, who raised him from the dead and gave him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God. Having purified your souls by your obedience to the truth for a sincere love of the brethren, love one another earnestly from the heart. You have been born anew, not of perishable seed but of imperishable, through the living and abiding word of God; for 'All flesh is like grass and all its glory like the flower of grass. The grass withers, and the flower falls, but the word of the Lord abides forever.' That word is the good news which was preached to you." (1 Peter 1:18-25)
Between 9:00 AM and Noon
"Truly, I say to you today you shall be with me in paradise." (Luke 23:43)
"Woman, behold your son..." (John 19:26–27)
Between Noon and 3 PM
"I thirst." (John 19:28)
"It is finished." (John 19:30)
"Father, into your hands I commend my spirit" (Luke 23:46)
1. "Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do." (Luke 23:34). Chuck Missler noted that the world would have been held guilty of murder in the First Degree had not our Lord prayed that the charges against us would be lowered to Manslaughter.
2. "Truly, I say to you today you shall be with me in paradise." (Luke 23:43). Two thieves were also crucified with Jesus, one on either side.
3. "Woman, behold your son..." (John 19:26–27). Now there stood by the cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. When Jesus therefore saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing by, He said to His mother, “Woman, behold your son!” Then He said to the disciple, “Behold your mother!” And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home." (John 19:25-27)
4. "My God, My God, why have you forsaken me?" (John 19:28)
5. "I thirst." (John 19:28) "After this, Jesus, knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the Scripture might be fulfilled, said, “I thirst!” Now a vessel full of sour wine was sitting there; and they filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on hyssop, and put it to His mouth. So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And bowing His head, He gave up His spirit." (John 19:28-30)
6. "It is finished." (John 19:30)
7. "Father, into your hands I commend my spirit" (Luke 23:46)
"Therefore, because it was the Preparation Day, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of the other who was crucified with Him. But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you may believe. For these things were done that the Scripture should be fulfilled, “Not one of His bones shall be broken.” And again another Scripture says, “They shall look on Him whom they pierced.” (John 19:31-37)
The church of Jesus Christ, which He has been building since Pentecost AD 30, is the Second Eve, the Bride of Christ is symbolized by the blood poured out from the wounded side of Jesus, after He had died.
This obscure teacher (Jesus) announced to his disciples that he would build his assembly, his church, his ekklesia. He said this late in life, just before his final trip to Jerusalem where he would be betrayed and killed. He was not talking about a building a synagogue, a fraternal order, nor a major corporation--so his announcement must have sounded incongruous to his students. Yet they readily followed him to their deaths and became martyrs to his cause in the decades after their teacher departed. The Apostles did, however implement the program of Jesus. That glorious church is nearly finished and soon to be unveiled.
Fast forward two thousand years: Is there any evidence that what Jesus had announced He would do, would ever come to pass?
One huge world wide, very rich, institution has long claimed that the Apostle Peter was commissioned to be the first head of that body. But Peter was killed in Rome about 30 years later along with the Apostle Paul, and no church entity or building would appear on earth until nearly 300 years after Peter and Paul were executed. Nevertheless, thousands of ordinary people in the Roman Empire became followers of Jesus in the first three centuries, and obviously many more down to today. No one man-made institution in the world can claim to be the church Jesus is building! Local churches are supposed to be microcosms of the macrocosm church. But the dynamics of what ought-to-be today are best seen in small groups.
Science is a very limited way to understand the world we live in. Science is mostly limited to physical observable! In addition, we are mostly software and not hardware. But science has stretched and expanded our world view. The existence of other dimensions is taken for granted, angels, spirits, demons and the supernatural are also in most portfolios.
The above GIF image of a vortex illustrates how all possible time lines in history spiral around the central point of history (the crucifixion of God's Son). Jesus is said to be the Lamb of God slain before the foundation of the world. "...All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world." (Revelation 13:8)
For if we are beside ourselves, it is for God; or if we are of sound mind, it is for you. For the love of Christ compels us, because we judge thus: that if One died for all, then all died; and He died for all, that those who live should live no longer for themselves, but for Him who died for them and rose again. Therefore, from now on, we regard no one according to the flesh. Even though we have known Christ according to the flesh, yet now we know Him thus no longer. Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; old things have passed away; behold, all things have become new. Now all things are of God, who has reconciled us to Himself through Jesus Christ, and has given us the ministry of reconciliation, “...that is, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself, not imputing their trespasses to them, and has committed to us the word of reconciliation. Now then, we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God were pleading through us: we implore you on Christ’s behalf, be reconciled to God. For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.” (2 Corinthians 5:19-21)
Please stop and ask God to expand your world-view if He hasn't done that yet. This is not about a blown mind but a liberating paradigm shift. Say no to mediocrity and dig into that dusty Bible.
Jesus then said to the Jews who had believed in him, "If you continue in my word, you are truly my disciples, and you will know the truth, and the truth will make you free." So if the Son makes you free, you will be free indeed." (John 8:31-36)
Salvation is offered to Everyone
Christ is the end of the law so that there may be righteousness for everyone who believes. 5 Moses writes concerning the righteousness that comes from the law, that ‘the person who does these things will live by them.’ 6But the righteousness that comes from faith says, ‘Do not say in your heart, “Who will ascend into heaven?” ’ (that is, to bring Christ down) 7 ‘or “Who will descend into the abyss?” ’ (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead). 8 But what does it say?|
14 But how are they to call on one in whom they have not believed? And how are they to believe in one of whom they have never heard? And how are they to hear without someone to proclaim him? 15 And how are they to proclaim him unless they are sent? As it is written, ‘How beautiful are the feet of those who bring good news!’ (Romans 10:4-15)
Root Word Etymology: From νεκρόω (G3499) TDNT Reference: 4:895,627. Outline of Biblical Usage: putting to death, killing; being put to death; the dead state, utter sluggishness; of bodily members and organs. KJV Translation Count: 2x. The KJV translates Strong's G3500 in the following manner: deadness, dying (1x). Strong's Definitions: νέκρωσις nékrōsis, nek'-ro-sis; from G3499; decease; figuratively, impotency:—deadness, dying. Thayer's Greek Lexicon STRONGS NT 3500: νέκρωσις, νέκρωσις, νεκρωσεως, ἡ (νεκρόω); 1. properly, a putting to death (Vulg. mortification 2 Corinthians 4:10), killing. 2. equivalent to τό νεκρουσθαι (the being put to death), with τοῦ Ἰησοῦ added, i. e. the (protracted) death (A. V. the dying) which Jesus underwent in God's service.
Root Word (Etymology): From θνῄσκω (G2348). TDNT Reference: 3:7,312 Outline of Biblical Usage: the death of the body, that separation (whether natural or violent) of the soul and the body by which the life on earth is ended with the implied idea of future misery in hell; the power of death, since the nether world, the abode of the dead, was conceived as being very dark, it is equivalent to the region of thickest darkness i.e. figuratively, a region enveloped in the darkness of ignorance and sin. metaph., the loss of that life which alone is worthy of the name, the misery of the soul arising from sin, which begins on earth but lasts and increases after the death of the body in hell,the miserable state of the wicked dead in hell, in the widest sense, death comprising all the miseries arising from sin, as well physical death as the loss of a life consecrated to God and blessed in him on earth, to be followed by wretchedness in hell. KJV Translation Count 119x.The KJV translates Strong's G2288 in the following manner: deadly (2x). Strong's Definitions: θάνατος thánatos, than'-at-os; from G2348; (properly, an adjective used as a noun) death (literally or figuratively):—X deadly, (be…) death.
By the way, did Jesus ever die all the way, after his 6 hours of dying ended? Yes, He was technically dead from Friday 3 PM, until Sunday morning (perhaps about 6 AM?) when He met his loyal followers outside the empty tomb. This was the "third day" according to Jewish reckoning). Where was he? He was with the Father in heaven as was the penitent thief. Much more can be inferred...most important is the fact that He is not now dead!
"...Or do you not know that as many of us as were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His death? Therefore we were buried with Him through baptism into death, that just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. For if we have been united together in the likeness of His death, certainly we also shall be in the likeness of His resurrection, knowing this, that our old man was crucified with Him, that the body of sin might be done away with, that we should no longer be slaves of sin. For he who has died has been freed from sin. Now if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him, knowing that Christ, having been raised from the dead, dies no more. Death no longer has dominion over Him. For the death that He died, He died to sin once for all; but the life that He lives, He lives to God. Likewise you also, reckon yourselves to be dead indeed to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus our Lord." (Romans 6:3-11)
Events at the Crucifixion
The Treatment of Jesus by the soldiers
Matthew 27:27-31: Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole garrison around Him. And they stripped Him and put a scarlet robe on Him. When they had twisted a crown of thorns, they put it on His head, and a reed in His right hand. And they bowed the knee before Him and mocked Him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” Then they spat on Him, and took the reed and struck Him on the head. And when they had mocked Him, they took the robe off Him, put His own clothes on Him, and led Him away to be crucified.
Mark 15:16-20: Then the soldiers led Him away into the hall called Praetorium, and they called together the whole garrison. And they clothed Him with purple; and they twisted a crown of thorns, put it on His head, and began to salute Him, “Hail, King of the Jews!” Then they struck Him on the head with a reed and spat on Him; and bowing the knee, they worshiped Him. And when they had mocked Him, they took the purple off Him, put His own clothes on Him, and led Him out to crucify Him.
Luke 23:36-37: The soldiers also mocked Him, coming and offering Him sour wine, and saying, “If You are the King of the Jews, save Yourself.”
John 19:1-4: So then Pilate took Jesus and scourged Him. And the soldiers twisted a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and they put on Him a purple robe. Then they said, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they struck Him with their hands. Pilate then went out again, and said to them, “Behold, I am bringing Him out to you, that you may know that I find no fault in Him.”
Matthew 27:32-38: Now as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name. Him they compelled to bear His cross. And when they had come to a place called Golgotha, that is to say, Place of a Skull they gave Him sour wine mingled with gall to drink. But when He had tasted it, He would not drink. Then they crucified Him, and divided His garments, casting lots, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet: “They divided My garments among them, And for My clothing they cast lots.” Sitting down, they kept watch over Him there. And they put up over His head the accusation written against Him: THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS. Then two robbers were crucified with Him, one on the right and another on the left.
Mark 15:21-28: Then they compelled a certain man, Simon a Cyrenian, the father of Alexander and Rufus, as he was coming out of the country and passing by, to bear His cross. And they brought Him to the place Golgotha, which is translated, Place of a Skull. Then they gave Him wine mingled with myrrh to drink, but He did not take it. And when they crucified Him, they divided His garments, casting lots for them to determine what every man should take. Now it was the third hour, and they crucified Him. And the inscription of His accusation was written above: THE KING OF THE JEWS. With Him they also crucified two robbers, one on His right and the other on His left. So the Scripture was fulfilled which says, “And He was numbered with the transgressors.”
Luke 23:26-34: Now as they led Him away, they laid hold of a certain man, Simon a Cyrenian, who was coming from the country, and on him they laid the cross that he might bear it after Jesus. And a great multitude of the people followed Him, and women who also mourned and lamented Him. But Jesus, turning to them, said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. For indeed the days are coming in which they will say, ‘Blessed are the barren, wombs that never bore, and breasts which never nursed!’ Then they will begin ‘to say to the mountains, “Fall on us!” and to the hills, “Cover us!” ’For if they do these things in the green wood, what will be done in the dry?” There were also two others, criminals, led with Him to be put to death And when they had come to the place called Calvary, there they crucified Him, and the criminals, one on the right hand and the other on the left. Then Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do.”
John 19:17-24: And He, bearing His cross, went out to a place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha,where they crucified Him, and two others with Him, one on either side, and Jesus in the center. Now Pilate wrote a title and put it on the cross. And the writing was: JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS. Then many of the Jews read this title, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin. Therefore the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but, ‘He said, “I am the King of the Jews.” ’ ” Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.” Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His garments and made four parts, to each soldier a part, and also the tunic. Now the tunic was without seam, woven from the top in one piece. They said therefore among themselves, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be,” that the Scripture might be fulfilled which says: “They divided My garments among them, And for My clothing they cast lots.” Therefore the soldiers did these things.
The Mother of Jesus at the Cross
John 19:25-27: Now there stood by the cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. When Jesus therefore saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing by, He said to His mother, “Woman, behold your son!” Then He said to the disciple, “Behold your mother!” And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home.
Mockings and Railings
Matthew 27:39-44: And those who passed by blasphemed Him, wagging their heads 40and saying, “You who destroy the temple and build it in three days, save Yourself! If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross.” Likewise the chief priests also, mocking with the scribes and elders, said, “He saved others; Himself He cannot save. If He is the King of Israel, let Him now come down from the cross, and we will believe Him. He trusted in God; let Him deliver Him now if He will have Him; for He said, ‘I am the Son of God.’ ” Even the robbers who were crucified with Him reviled Him with the same thing.
Mark 15:29-32: "And those who passed by blasphemed Him, wagging their heads and saying, “Aha! You who destroy the temple and build it in three days, 30 save Yourself, and come down from the cross!” Likewise the chief priests also, mocking among themselves with the scribes, said, “He saved others; Himself He cannot save. Let the Christ, the King of Israel, descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe.” Even those who were crucified with Him reviled Him.
Luke 23:35-39: And they divided His garments and cast lots. And the people stood looking on. But even the rulers with them sneered, saying, “He saved others; let Him save Himself if He is the Christ, the chosen of God.” The soldiers also mocked Him, coming and offering Him sour wine,and saying, “If You are the King of the Jews, save Yourself.” And an inscription also was written over Him in letters of Greek, Latin, and Hebrew: THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS. Then one of the criminals who were hanged blasphemed Him, saying, “If You are the Christ, save Yourself and us.”
The Penitent Malefactor
Luke 23:40-43: But the other, answering, rebuked him, saying, “Do you not even fear God, seeing you are under the same condemnation? And we indeed justly, for we receive the due reward of our deeds; but this Man has done nothing wrong." Then he said to Jesus, “Lord, remember me when You come into Your kingdom.” And Jesus said to him, “Assuredly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in Paradise.”
The Death of Christ
Matthew 27:50: And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit.
Mark 15:37: And Jesus cried out with a loud voice, and breathed His last.
Luke 23:46: And when Jesus had cried out with a loud voice, He said, “Father, ‘into Your hands I commit My spirit.’ ” Having said this, He breathed His last.
John 19:28-30: After this, Jesus, knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the Scripture might be fulfilled, said, “I thirst!” Now a vessel full of sour wine was sitting there; and they filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on hyssop, and put into His mouth. 30 So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.
Darkness and Other Portents
Matthew 27:45-54: Now from the sixth hour until the ninth hour there was darkness over all the land. And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” that is, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” Some of those who stood there, when they heard that, said, “This Man is calling for Elijah!” Immediately one of them ran and took a sponge, filled it with sour wine and put it on a reed, and offered it to Him to drink. The rest said, “Let Him alone; let us see if Elijah will come to save Him.” And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit. Then, behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom; and the earth quaked, and the rocks were split, and the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised; and coming out of the graves after His resurrection, they went into the holy city and appeared to many. So when the centurion and those with him, who were guarding Jesus, saw the earthquake and the things that had happened, they feared greatly, saying, “Truly this was the Son of God!”
Mark 15:33-39: Now when the sixth hour had come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour. And at the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Now when evening had come, because it was the Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath, Joseph of Arimathea, a prominent council member, who was himself waiting for the kingdom of God, coming and taking courage, went in to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Pilate marveled that He was already dead; and summoning the centurion, he asked him if He had been dead for some time. So when he found out from the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph. Then he bought fine linen, took Him down, and wrapped Him in the linen. And he laid Him in a tomb which had been hewn out of the rock, and rolled a stone against the door of the tomb. And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses observed where He was laid., Eloi, lama sabachthani?” which is translated, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” Some of those who stood by, when they heard that, said, “Look, He is calling for Elijah!” Then someone ran and filled a sponge full of sour wine, put it on a reed, and offered it to Him to drink, saying, “Let Him alone; let us see if Elijah will come to take Him down.” And Jesus cried out with a loud voice, and breathed His last. Then the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. So when the centurion, who stood opposite Him, saw that He cried out like this and breathed His last, he said, “Truly this Man was the Son of God!”
Luke 23:44-45: Now it was about the sixth hour, and there was darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour. Then the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was torn in two.
Matthew 27:54-56: So when the centurion and those with him, who were guarding Jesus, saw the earthquake and the things that had happened, they feared greatly, saying, “Truly this was the Son of God!” And many women who followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering to Him, were there looking on from afar, among whom were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee’s sons.
Mark 15:39-41: So when the centurion, who stood opposite Him, saw that He cried out like this and breathed His last, he said, “Truly this Man was the Son of God!” There were also women looking on from afar, among whom were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James the Less and of Joses, and Salome, who also followed Him and ministered to Him when He was in Galilee, and many other women who came up with Him to Jerusalem.
Luke 23:47-49: So when the centurion saw what had happened, he glorified God, saying, “Certainly this was a righteous Man!” And the whole crowd who came together to that sight, seeing what had been done, beat their breasts and returned. But all His acquaintances, and the women who followed Him from Galilee, stood at a distance, watching these things.
The Side Pierced
John 19:31-37: Therefore, because it was the Preparation Day, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of the other who was crucified with Him. But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you may believe. For these things were done that the Scripture should be fulfilled, “Not one of His bones shall be broken.” And again another Scripture says, “They shall look on Him whom they pierced.”
Matthew 27:57-61: Now when evening had come, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who himself had also become a disciple of Jesus. This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be given to him. When Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, and laid it in his new tomb which he had hewn out of the rock; and he rolled a large stone against the door of the tomb, and departed. And Mary Magdalene was there, and the other Mary, sitting opposite the tomb.
Mark 15:42-47: Now when evening had come, because it was the Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath, Joseph of Arimathea, a prominent council member, who was himself waiting for the kingdom of God, coming and taking courage, went in to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Pilate marveled that He was already dead; and summoning the centurion, he asked him if He had been dead for some time. So when he found out from the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph. Then he bought fine linen, took Him down, and wrapped Him in the linen. And he laid Him in a tomb which had been hewn out of the rock, and rolled a stone against the door of the tomb. And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses observed where He was laid.
Luke 23:50-56: Now behold, there was a man named Joseph, a council member, a good and just man. He had not consented to their decision and deed. He was from Arimathea, a city of the Jews, who himself was also waiting for the kingdom of God. This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then he took it down, wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a tomb that was hewn out of the rock, where no one had ever lain before. That day was the Preparation, and the Sabbath drew near. And the women who had come with Him from Galilee followed after, and they observed the tomb and how His body was laid. Then they returned and prepared spices and fragrant oils. And they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment.
John 19:38-42: After this, Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly, for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took the body of Jesus. And Nicodemus, who at first came to Jesus by night, also came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds. Then they took the body of Jesus, and bound it in strips of linen with the spices, as the custom of the Jews is to bury. Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid. So there they laid Jesus, because of the Jews’ Preparation Day, for the tomb was nearby.
The Guard of the Sepulchre
Matthew 27:62-66: On the next day, which followed the Day of Preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees gathered together to Pilate, saying, “Sir, we remember, while He was still alive, how that deceiver said, ‘After three days I will rise.’ Therefore command that the tomb be made secure until the third day, lest His disciples come by night and steal Him away, and say to the people, ‘He has risen from the dead.’ So the last deception will be worse than the first.” Pilate said to them, “You have a guard; go your way, make it as secure as you know how.” So they went and made the tomb secure, sealing the stone and setting the guard.
Matthew 28:11-15: Now while they were going, behold, some of the guard came into the city and reported to the chief priests all the things that had happened. When they had assembled with the elders and consulted together, they gave a large sum of money to the soldiers, saying, “Tell them, ‘His disciples came at night and stole Him away while we slept.’ And if this comes to the governor’s ears, we will appease him and make you secure.” So they took the money and did as they were instructed; and this saying is commonly reported among the Jews until this day.
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